Image production: Moka-Studio

Image production: Moka-Studio

NEW SETTLEMENT

Location: Iraq
Clients: Iraq Government, United Nations
Construction cost: £20M

[ URBAN DESIGN / INFRASTRUCTURE / HOUSING / EDUCATION / CIVIC / HEALTH / COMMERCE ]
[ 1108 ]

Winning international competition scheme for the Iraq government and UN-HABITAT (United Nations Agency for Human Settlements). A fully integrated settlement for 3000 people is proposed including schools, markets, health centres, and a variety of green spaces and playing fields. Building designs are low cost, architecturally advanced, use local resources, and have sustainability ratings rivalling western standards. Novel approaches to vehicle parking and circulation allow a safe, fully pedestrian landscaped centre.

Image source: http://www.experimentsinmotion.com/motion-gallery/52/Traffic+Study/

Image source: http://www.experimentsinmotion.com/motion-gallery/52/Traffic+Study/

Traffic study diagram of existing traffic movement by Louis Kahn's diagram for his Philadelphia Planning Study

Type 1 housing unit

Type 2 housing unit

SITE DESIGN

This masterplan proposes a safe, convenient, affordable, and beautiful community settlement for 3200 Iraqi people (536 flats). Community facilities are included in the masterplan further to the Ministry’s guidelines on provision: a primary and secondary / intermediate school, kinder-garden / nursery, a souq & administration, mosque, health centre, and cafe’s and restaurants.

Site Area: 11.0 ha
Units: 536
Density: 48.7 flats/ha
Parking: 559
1.04 spaces/flat
Height: 3 storey (4 storey at spine)
Facilities: Primary school
Secondary/Inter. school,
Kindergarten/nursery
Souq & administration
Mosque
Health centre
Cafes

UNIT DESIGN

The housing unit design rises to the competition challenge of providing 2, 3, and 4 bedroom units to standard dimensions, with excellent family layouts, and at very low cost.

Modern western apartments only have perimeter windows and so little privacy to their neighbours. On the other hand, traditional Iraqi courtyard houses have excellent privacy but are difficult to air-condition and day-light (as circulation is to the courtyard) and cannot be stacked. The designs proposed here provide advantages of both types: privacy of outlook to dedicated lightwell gardens and terraces, but centralised circulation for efficient air-conditioning and access to the common vertical stair.

Two building types are proposed: 
Type 01 (no parking)
Type 02 (parking under).


ECONOMIC HOUSING SETTLEMENT

Location: Dhi Qar, Iraq
Clients: Ministry of Housing and Construction, Iraq
Construction cost: £35M

[ URBAN DESIGN / INFRASTRUCTURE / HOUSING / EDUCATION / CIVIC / HEALTH / COMMERCE ]
[ 1208 ]


HIGH DENSITY SETTLEMENT

Location: Al TajeyatIraq
Clients: Ministry of Housing and Construction, Iraq
Construction cost: £65M

[ URBAN DESIGN / INFRASTRUCTURE / HOUSING / EDUCATION / CIVIC / HEALTH / COMMERCE ]
[ 1203 ]

Copyrighted Denis Wood & Siglio Press - Image source: Denis Wood - Everything Sings. Maps for a Narrative Atlas, Paperback – 28 Feb 2011

Copyrighted Denis Wood & Siglio Press - Image source: Denis Wood - Everything Sings. Maps for a Narrative Atlas, Paperback – 28 Feb 2011

New cartography by Denis Wood & Siglio Press


HOUSING SETTLEMENT

Location: Al Ameria, Iraq
Clients: Ministry of Housing and Construction, Iraq

[ URBAN DESIGN / INFRASTRUCTURE / HOUSING ]
[ 1102 ]


RESEARCH . NON-REGULATED SETTLEMENTS

Image source - Hyeyoung Kim, UCL BPro MArch UD RC12 2013/14

Image source - Hyeyoung Kim, UCL BPro MArch UD RC12 2013/14

After Morocco’s independence in 1958 till the ascendance of the current King Mohammed VI the population of Tangier has been neglected through the absence of a state which has shown little interest in the city’s economic, social or environmental development.The population growth rate quadrupled in the 25 years preceding 2007 [1]. The region underwent an intense population growth precisely whilst the city did not have plans for its development. 

During this period, a particular type of marginalised habitation proliferated. Whilst the flat, easier to develop areas closer to the coast were controlled, flood zones, steep terrains and agricultural land to the periphery became saturated by unrestricted construction. These areas were covered with a vast blanket of single family housing units, with a visible homogeneity, fundamentally different from the rest of the city. These areas have been termed the ‘non-regulated housing neighbourhoods’ (NRHN) [2]. By the early 90’s, NRHN represented 30% of the overall housing stock, with a third of Tangier’s population living on a tenth of its condensed surface[2]

Developed NRHN settlements are dense with a tight grain, they do not grow consecutively and are not planned. Instead they are developed spontaneously by grasping the best opportunity, therefore initially neighbourhoods are often not contiguous. Construction is phased from the ground up, relating to systems of affordability and speculation. The settlements are also given the term ‘under equipped’ because of their lack of basic infrastructure[2]. Public facilities such as schools, health centres and street lighting have begun to be added retrospectively to the periphery of developed settlements, with their own inherent problems. NRHN are not unique to Tangier but are found throughout Africa, India and Latin America.

 

[1]     http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Tangier

[2]     Le Tellier J. , Les recompositions territoriales dans le Maroc du nord, Aix-Marseille University, 2006

 

Tangier’s urban territory and limits - Image source:  Agence Urbaine de Tanger, 2013.

Tangier’s urban territory and limits - Image source:  Agence Urbaine de Tanger, 2013.

Image source - Nicole Rochette, UCL BPro MArch UD RC12 2012/13

Image source - Nicole Rochette, UCL BPro MArch UD RC12 2012/13

'Dialectic Territories'  Nicole Rochette, UCL BPro MArch UD RC12 2012/13


'Dialectic Territories' 
Nicole Rochette, UCL BPro MArch UD RC12 2012/13

DIALECTIC TERRITORIES

Location: Tangier, Morocco
Research Student: Nicole Rochette, UCL BPro MArch UD RC12 2012/13        

[ RESEARCH / URBAN DESIGN ]

Tangier has been subject during the last decades to strong migratory movements both from foreign and rural regions, intensely pressuring its built capacity. Political conditions have favoured a vast proliferation of self-built houses extending the limits of the urban realm. a sprawling blanket of housing that spreads beyond the urban realm,

In this context, the project proposes a dialectic order that attempts to generate spaces of differentiation. Having as the main objective to introduce large scale functions into homogeneous housing environments, the research insists on attaining a horizontal surface through topographic operations, in an effort to generate directionalities and enhance the qualities of the context, facilitating community activities.

The resulting forms integrate the desired programmes within their morphology, merging them into a single functional topology. The project effectively incorporates a wide range of public and private functions based on the location of new local administrative centres.

Image source - Hyeyoung Kim, UCL BPro MArch UD RC12 2013/14


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